Yes, when it comes to the smallest countries in Europe, they do come with some interesting facts and stories. I have visited all of them and for such tiny countries, they all have something special and unique to offer.
Here is a list of the smallest countries of Europe.
8 Smallest Countries in Europe
Table of Contents
1. Vatican City (Holy See)
0.49 km2(0.19 sq mi)
There are countries in Europe you can drive across in a day, but you can walk through Vatican City in just a few minutes.
Vatican City wins first prize for a small European country. Yes, this is the tiniest of the 8 smallest countries in Europe.
Vatican City is the seat of the Roman Catholic Church and home to the famous Sistine Chapel – with a ceiling painted by Michelangelo.
The main square of St Peters in front of the St Peters Basilica welcomes worshippers and tourists worldwide.
Things you might not know about Vatican City:
The Vatican mints its own euros (they are very rare), prints its own stamps, issues passports, and has its own flag and anthem.
And the ATM has instructions in Latin. And it’s the only country with a zero birth rate as you can’t get citizenship by birth.
Monaco is synonymous with casinos, wealth, and Grand Prix races. Monaco is what we call an enclave – a country completely surrounded by another state, in this case, France.
And Monaco is the second smallest country in Europe. Monaco is worth a visit, not just for its casinos and to watch the life of the rich and famous, but the location on the French Riveria makes it exceptional.
What you didn’t know about Monaco:
Monaco with a population of 38,000 within 2,02 km2 is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. It’s also home to many millionaires, in fact, every third citizen is a millionaire.
And not surprisingly it has one of the highest GDPs in the world and officially no poverty. No wonder this small European country has very strict rules and regulations to obtain citizenship.
3. San Marino
61 km2(24 sq mi)
San Marino is probably my favourite of the smallest countries in Europe. Another enclave on this list of small European country contenders is completely surrounded by Italy.
The beginning goes all the way to the 4th century.
What you didn’t know about San Marino:
San Marino is located on the hill Monte Titanos and offers amazing views of the countryside.
We also had one of the best meals here at Ristorante il Piccolo. It also has its own euros and you can get an official stamp for your passport at the main post office.
Most of the smallest countries in Europe are on the main continent, but Malta enjoys the breeze of the Mediterranean Sea, located between Sicily and the North African Coast.
Officially an archipelago of three islands Malta, Gozo, and Camino it became a popular tourist destination for Europeans lately.
What you didn’t know about Malta:
The official language is Maltese and English. Malta was once part of mainland Europe, but that was 17,000 years ago.
Today you can still see the remains of the Megalithic temples which are older than the pyramids in Egypt!
468 km2(181 sq mi)
The only country in the world where Catalan is an official language is Andorra. Andorra is nestled between Spain and France, in the heart of the Pyrenees. This small European country swells with tourist numbers during the winter season.
Their independence dates to 1278 and today Andorra is a popular destination for winter sports. You wouldn’t think that one of the smallest countries in Europe can offer kilometres and kilometres of ski slopes to enjoy the fresh powder.
What you didn’t know about Andorra:
Due to its tax regulation, it is super cheap. For many French and Spanish citizens living near Andorra, this is where they come to do shopping, especially for alcohol, electronics and cigarettes.
Andorra la Vella is the highest capital city in Europe at 1,023 metres above sea level.
Get Connected with eSIM
Get connected the easy way when you’re travelling – and buy an eSIM! An eSIM works like an app: buy it, download it, and get connected within minutes! It’s easy, affordable, and convenient. Keep your original phone number too!
Read more about how an eSIM works or click below to see which eSIM data plan you need for your next adventure. Use our referral code: RACHEL5045 to get $3 off your first purchase!
Belgium, Germany, and France border Luxembourg. It’s not just one of the smallest countries in Europe, it’s also one of the richest ones. There are hiking trails, wineries as well as a castle you can explore.
Lately, it’s becoming a bit of a foodie destination. What is also interesting is the fact that 43% of the population of Luxembourg is foreign-born.
What you didn’t know about Luxembourg:
Luxembourg has the world’s highest rate of car ownership, with an average of 647 car owners for every 1,000 inhabitants.
Crazy right? But ironically, Luxembourg is the first country in the world to offer free nationwide public transport to everyone.
5,896 km2(2,276 sq mi)
The second island nation on our list of the smallest countries in Europe – is Cyprus.
Located in the Eastern Mediterranean, Cyprus has a lot to offer. Small enough to be able to drive around in a few days and check out some archaeological sites (Tombs of Kings in Paphos), cave churches, and some of the nicest beaches in Europe.
What you didn’t know about Cyprus:
The Cyprus flag is very cool and truly unique. Cyprus was the first nation to include the shape of its country on its flag. What you also probably didn’t know about Cyprus being one of the smallest countries in Europe is the fact that the two countries share the island if you ask someone in Turkey.
Northern Cyprus, officially the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, is a de facto state only recognised by Turkey and no other countries that consider this territory part of Cyprus.
It makes for an interesting day trip from the southern part of Cyprus, especially the picturesque Kyrenia Harbour.
These are the smallest countries in Europe. Have you visited a small European country on our list? Let us know in the comments below.
Make sure you get Travel Insurance before hitting the road. Trust us, it’s one of those things you don’t want to leave home without. We recommend Heymondo & SafetyWing Travel Insurance.
Click here and get 5% off Heymondo insurance from us!
💰 Send Money Anywhere:WISE & Revolut are the best online accounts that let you send money, get paid, and spend money internationally. Both are so easy to use and way cheaper than any bank transfer.
📶 Stay Connected: Airalo eSIM allows you to get connected the moment you land at your destination, and you can avoid those expensive data roaming charges. We LOVE this product! Use promo code NOMAD15 for 15% off ALL eSIMs (new Airalo users only) OR use NOMAD10 for 10% off ALL eSIMs (for existing Airalo users)